Follow these steps to eliminate the problem
As all managers know, workday distractions are everywhere, stealing your employees’ precious time and productivity. Between new technologies that beg for people’s attention to the prevalence of shortened attention spans, everyone on your team has the opportunity to be more distracted today than in the past.
Being distracted at work creates numerous problems from missed opportunities to strained business relationships. Therefore, you need to effectively manage your employees, so their distractions are minimized.
First, realize that there are two categories of distraction — internal and external distraction. Internal distractions include any physiological, emotional, attitudinal, biological or physical discomfort. Some examples include such situations as having an upset stomach or a headache, worrying about a personal or professional matter, feeling overwhelmed with tasks, sitting in an uncomfortable chair, experiencing anger toward a co-worker or grieving a loss. Any of these things can quickly take an employee off track from his or her tasks.
External distractions include other people and technology. Some examples include co-workers who stop by someone’s office to chat, social media and text alerts ringing on a smartphone, email notifications popping up on a computer screen and other employees who talk loudly in the office. These seemingly innocuous items easily divert people’s attention.
The challenge is that most employees aren’t experiencing just one or two of these distractions. They’re facing multiple distractions each day. On top of all the internal and external distractions, organizational structures have changed over the years, packing more duties and responsibilities into every job description. That means your employees today have to spread their attention thin just to complete their expected workload. With all of these factors, it’s no wonder so many people feel distracted at work.
Most distractions, however, can be eliminated from the workplace, if you take the time to manage them. Here’s how.
n Design or redesign a job from a distraction point of view. When a manager has a distracted employee, it’s natural to blame the person and say things like, “He’s not a team player,” “She’s not motivated,” or “He doesn’t work well here.” The manager may even reprimand the individual for poor performance, but before you go that route, take a good look at the job and environment to see if it’s making the employee distracted.
What are the job duties, both the ones explicitly stated in the job description and the ones that person just always seems to do? What’s the working environment like? What visual or auditory distraction triggers are present? How is the office set up? How are the lighting, the chair and the desk layout? What other factors impact the employee’s efficiency, effectiveness and performance?
Realize that if the work environment and the job are poorly designed, you will continue to bring in highly talented individuals who will not do well — not because of them, but because of the bad job design. Therefore, before you reprimand, analyze. What you find may surprise you.
n Create a distraction elimination plan for your distracted employees. Think back to your elementary school days. You likely had a few kids in the class who always bothered others, threw spit balls or just stared out the window for hours. What did the teacher do? She had a plan. If the kids were disruptive to the class, she’d move them up front near her. If they were window gazers, she’d orient their desk so they could no longer see the window. No matter what the disruptive behavior, she knew what to do because she had a plan in mind for it.
Good managers do the same. They sit down with the distracted employee and together create a distraction elimination plan. By working together, they may decide on some physical changes in the office that can help, such as moving to a new cubicle or changing the lighting, or they may figure out some strategies the employee can use to maintain focus, such as not having an email program always open or disabling smartphone alerts.
The great thing about a plan is that it gives you something concrete to reference and use as a benchmark to gauge progress. In addition, all organizations have risk management plans, strategic plans, operational plans and business plans. Why not also have distraction elimination plans? Remember, distractions rarely self-resolve. The better the plan, the better the results can be.
n Offer other resources when needed. Sometimes, even with the manager’s help and a solid distraction elimination plan in place, the employee still is distracted. In these cases, the manager has to know when to offer additional resources. If your organization has an employee assistance program, you may want to consider making a recommendation to an appropriate resource or service.
If your organization does not have an employee assistance program, then present the idea of additional help in a supportive and neutral fashion. You could even suggest it as a step in the distraction elimination plan, as in, “If the outlined steps in this plan don’t resolve the issue, then the employee will seek outside assistance in the form of a counselor or therapist.” The key is to help the employee find the needed resources in order to determine if their situation is more serious than simple distractions.
The next time you notice you have some employees who are underperforming, don’t immediately reprimand them. Instead, take the time to determine if there’s something you or the company can do to remove the distractions from the workplace. Distractions don’t have to be a major part of the workday. You can help minimize them. Remember, the fewer distractions people have, the more productive they’ll be.
Marty Martin is a veteran speaker and trainer. His book, “Taming Disruptive Behavior,” will be published by The American College of Physician Executives (ACPE). Martin is the director of the health sector management MBA concentration and associate professor in the College of Commerce at DePaul University, Chicago. More information is available online at drmartymartin.com.